so called White Sea is located on the north eastern coast of
Russia. The fossils of the area are currently undergoing intensive
research, and some consider the site the richest source of Vendian
(or Ediacaran) fauna in the fossil
record. The Vendian fossils
found there date to some 550 million years ago.
association of these fossils within the Tree of Life remains
controversial. Some seem
to have affinity to cnidarian, worm, or arthropod morphologies.
Others resemble algal or lichen forms, or huge protozoans.
some seem to represent alien kingdoms of life that left no
descendants, and still others appear as uninterpretable bumps
Vendian rocks are also found to contain contain ichnofossils
possibly made by worm-like animals traversing a muddy
is among the most highly represented members of the Ediacaran
Biota, with specimens known from Neoproterozoic strata
including Ediacara Hills (Australia), Norway, the Charnwood
Forest in England, Northern China, Olenek, Ural Mountains
Sea Summer Coast of Russia, Newfoundland and Northwest Canada,
Podolia in the Ukraine, and Sonora Mexico. Early
of Cyclomedusa was as a jellyfish. Others postulated a benthic
creature possibly an octacorallian or sea pen, and more